1. adj
/peytant/ Open; manifest; evident; unsealed. Used in this sense in such phrases as "patent ambiguity," "patent writ," "letters patent."
/pabtsnt/ A grant of some privilege, property, or authority, made by the government or sovereign of a country to one or more individuals. The instrument by which a state or government grants public lands to an individual. A grant of right to exclude others from making, using or selling one's invention and includes right to license others to make, use or sell it. Valmont Industries, Inc. v. Yuma Mfg. Co., D.C.Colo., 296 F.Supp. 1291, 1294.
A grant from the government conveying and securing for an inventor the exclusive right to make, use, and sell an invention for seventeen years. 35 U.S.C.A. No. 154.
See Board of Patent Appeals and Inferences
- combination patent
- official Gazette
- prosecution history estoppel
@ design patent
The unique appearance or design of an article of manufacture may be protected against duplication by a design patent if it is original, non-obvious and ornamental. Design patents may be issued for both surface ornamentation or the overall configuration of an object. Such patents last for a term of 14 years. Material that is eligible for design patent protection may also be copyrightable. 35 U.S.C.A. No. 171.
@ land patent
A muniment of title issued by a government or state for the conveyance of some portion of the public domain.
Mining claims.
The instrument by which title to mining claims is conveyed by the federal government subject to any existing liens and any vested and accrued water rights and in conformity with conditions imposed by state statutes. Roberts v. Morton, D.C.Colo., 389 F.Supp. 87, 91
+ land patent
An instrument conveying a grant of public land; also, the land so conveyed.
See also patent
@ patent pending
Designation (often abbreviated "pat. pend.") describing the legal status of patent application, after patent application has been filed and while patent examination is being conducted by U.S. Patent and Trademark Office to determine whether the claimed invention is in fact new, useful and non-obvious
@ patent-right
A right secured by patent; usually meaning a right to the exclusive manufacture, use and sale of an invention or patented article
@ patent-right dealer whose business it is to sell, or offer for sale, patent-rights
@ patent suit
A suit with issues affecting the validity, enforcement or infringement of a patent
@ pioneer patent
A patent for an invention covering a function never before performed, or a wholly novel device, or one of such novelty and importance as to mark a distinct step in the progress of the art, as distinguished from a mere improvement or perfecting of what has gone before. Westinghouse v. Boyden Power-Brake Co., 170 U.S. 537, 18 S.Ct. 707, 42 L.Ed. 1136; Sealed Air Corp. v. U.S. Intern. Trade Comm., 645 F.2d 976
@ plant patent
A patent granted to person who invents or discovers and asexually reproduces any distinct and new variety of plant, including cultivated sports, mutants, hybrids, and newly found seedlings, other than a tuber propagated plant or a plant found in an uncultivated state. 35 U.S.C.A. No. 161.
@ reissued patent
A patent may be reissued whenever it is, through error without any deceptive intention, deemed wholly or partly inoperative or invalid, by reason of a defective specification or drawing, or by reason of the patentee claiming more or less than he had a right to claim in the patent. 35 U.S.C.A. No. 251.
Tax treatment. A patent is an identifiable intangible asset which may be amortized over the remaining life of the patent. The sale of a patent usually results in capital gain treatment. I.R.C. No. 1235. If developed internally by a company, the development costs are expensed as incurred under generally accepted accounting principles.
@ utility patent
The customary type of patent issued to any novel, non-obvious, and useful machine, article of manufacture, composition of matter or process. This is one of three types of patents provided for by the statute, the others being design and plant patents.
See also utility
@ patentable
Suitable to be patented; entitled by law to be protected by the issuance of a patent. And to be patentable, a device must embody some new idea or principle not before known, and it must be a discovery as distinguished from mere mechanical skill or knowledge. In re Herthel, Cust. & Pat.App., 104 F.2d 824, 826

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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